My current research looks at language and identity in bilingual adolescents from Puerto Rico. Being raised in this country, I was made aware at a young age on the importance of context in the language learning journeys of different kinds of people. For those of you who do not know, Puerto Rico is a Spanish-speaking U.S. territory that has a language policy that promotes Spanish-English bilingualism in education, the government, health services, and other institutional domains (top-down), however, at an individual level Census statistics portray a picture of a Spanish-speaking community. This puzzle I find interesting. My postgraduate endeavors have focused on trying to understand all the linguistic (language system), cognitive (language development), and extralinguistic factors (societal) that lead to this unequal distribution of languages or to the stratification of languages and dialects.